Systems Biology of Early Atopy
The goal of this study is to establish a birth cohort that collects prenatal and early life biosamples and environmental samples and rigorously phenotypes young children for food allergy and Atopic Dermatitis (AD) to identify prenatal and early life markers of high risk for food allergy and AD, as well as biological pathways (endotypes) that result in these conditions. Primary Objectives: - To study the role and interrelationships of established and novel clinical, environmental, biological, and genetic prenatal and early-life factors in the development of allergic diseases through age 3 years, with an...
The Effect of Per Oral Immunotherapy in Severe Milk, Peanut and Egg Allergy in Adults
The aim is to analyse the results of per oral immunotherapy treatment in severe milk, peanut or egg allergy in adults. This is the second part of the oral immunotherapy study in adults at Skin and Allergy Hospital. The diagnosis of food allergy is verified with positive history, skin prick tests, egg and milk allergen specific IgE (immunoglobulin E) antibodies. In addition, food allergy is verified with an open label (milk allergy) or blind (peanut and egg allergy) allergen specific challenge test. OIT (oral immunotherapy) is performed according to a detailed plan. Lung function parameters are followed before OIT and and a year after...
The Food Allergy Superheroes Training (FAST) Program
Among children with a food allergy, strict avoidance (e.g., elimination of allergenic foods from one's diet) is the only intervention capable of preventing potentially devastating health-related sequelae including anaphylaxis and death. Youths from low-income backgrounds are particularly impacted by food allergies and may be the population most apt to benefit from a brief, portable, and engaging skills-based intervention designed to teach young children the skills needed to remain adherent to food allergy safety guidelines. Data collected as part of the proposed project will lay the groundwork for a line of federally-funded...
The Grown Up Peanut Immunotherapy Study
To determine efficacy and safety of peanut oral immunotherapy in adults with peanut allergy.
The Influence of Early and Continuous Exposure of Infants to Cow's Milk Formula on the Prevention of Milk Allergy
Cow's milk protein (CMP) allergy is one of the most common food allergies and potentially a fatal one. Early feeding with CMP has been considered in the past as a risk factor for development of CMP allergy in high risk infants. Although other studies argue with this assumption and suggest early exposure to CMP might be protective against atopic dermatitis and CMP allergy. A cohort study that first introduction of CMP after 15-30 days of age, raised the risk for CMP allergy.The aim of this study is to investigate if early and continuous exposure to CMF will decrease CMP allergy rate.
The Psychosocial Outcomes in Caregivers of Children With Food Allergy
The purpose of this study is to evaluate use of a mobile application (also commonly referred to as an app) designed to support caregivers of children with newly diagnosed food allergy. This study has 2 phases. In Phase 1, the researchers obtained feedback regarding use of mobile apps from caregivers who have been managing their child's food allergy for one year or more. The researchers then used this feedback to build a mobile app for caregivers of children with newly diagnosed food allergy. In Phase 2, the researchers will evaluate the mobile app during a 4-week evaluation period with a group of caregivers of children newly ...
The Quality of Life of Mothers of Children With IgE-mediated Food Allergy
Food allergy (FA) derives from an abnormal immunological response to dietary antigens. On the basis of the immunological mechanism, FA are divided into the following forms: IgE-mediated, non-IgE-mediated and mixed. Prevalence, persistence and severity of pediatric FA have significantly increased over the past 2 decades. The treatment of FA is based on a rigorous elimination diet and on the correct management of acute allergic reactions, induced by the accidental ingestion of food allergens, with antihistamines, cortisones and adrenaline. Ensuring a strict exclusion of the allergen from the diet can be problematic, with the risk of...
The Role of Filaggrin Mutations and Sensitization Pathways in Allergic Rhinitis and Peanut Allergy
Caucasian male and female participants age 18 years of age and older will be enrolled in this study if they have known birch or peanut allergies or known to be non-atopic. Participants will undergo skin testing to confirm their allergies if not completed in the last 12 months. Medications and medical history will be captured with a focus on atopic disorders. Participants will undergo birch and peanut patch testing to assess penetration and if potential correlation exists with filaggrin genotyping and phenotyping. Blood samples will be drawn from participants and DNA isolated for genotyping of null mutations in filaggrin.
The TreEat Study- Can Early Introduction of Tree Nuts Prevent Tree Nut Allergy in Infants With Peanut Allergy
Early and regular ingestion of the common allergens, peanut and egg has been shown to be an effective allergy prevention strategy. It is not clear whether this is also true of tree nut allergy. Current practice in many Australian allergy clinics for children with peanut allergy (high risk of tree nut allergy), is to advise families to introduce each individual tree nut into their child's diet via a cautious home introduction protocol without prior allergy testing (screening). The safety and effectiveness of an early and regular ingestion strategy for the prevention of tree nut allergy has not been formally evaluated and it is known that ...
The Use of Fractionated Exhaled Nitric Oxide in the Diagnosis and Assessment of Disease Activity of Eosinophilic Esophagitis
The purpose of the study is to evaluate of the relationships between fractionated exhaled nitric oxide, disease activity, and symptom severity in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis compared to those without eosinophilic esophagitis.