Canadian Anaphylaxis Network- Predicting Recurrence After Emergency Presentation for Allergic REaction
BACKGROUND: Anaphylaxis is the most severe form of allergy that rapidly affects multiple body systems and can be deadly. The highest incidence of anaphylaxis is in children and adolescents. In Canada, approximately every 10 minutes there is an Emergency Department (ED) visit for food allergy, and up to 80% of anaphylactic reactions in children are triggered by food. The ambiguity in how physicians manage anaphylaxis adds a huge burden to health care and further contributes to ED crowding. Current Canadian and international treatment guidelines universally recommend that all patients present to the ED for a prolonged period (6-24...
Can Vitamin D Supplementation in Infants Prevent Food Allergy in the First Year of Life? The VITALITY Trial
There is an urgent need to prevent the onset and progression of food allergy in our population. Evidence demonstrates that food allergy and atopic eczema represent the earliest manifestations of the atopic march with 50% of infants with food allergy predicted to develop respiratory allergic diseases later in life. We report that Australia has the highest prevalence of IgE-mediated food allergy in the world, with 10% of infants having challenge-proven food allergy in Melbourne. There has been a 5-fold increase in hospital admissions for life-threatening anaphylaxis. These changes are most pronounced in children less than 5 years,...
Cause of Unexplained Anaphylaxis
This study will explore the possible cause of unexplained, or idiopathic, anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a rapid, life-threatening, severe reaction that occurs suddenly after contact with an allergy-causing substance, usually a particular food, drug or stinging insect. The allergen triggers mast cells to release several substances, including histamine. Histamine is responsible for many of the symptoms that may occur, such as flushing, hives, swelling of the palms and soles or tongue and vocal cords, nasal congestion, itching and tearing of the eyes, shortness of breath and wheezing, stomach pain, vomiting, low blood pressure, loss of ...
Changes in Esophageal Distensibility With Proton Pump Inhibitors in Patients With Esophageal Eosinophilia: A Pilot Study
This pilot study will explore whether treatment of eosinophilic inflammation in the esophagus is associated with an improved distensibility of the esophagus. Furthermore, previous studies of the esophagus using EndoFlip only measured distensibility of the distal esophagus, specifically the distal esophagus and esophagogastric junction. Eosinophilia in EoE has been demonstrated to affect both upper, middle and lower esophagus. The aim is to measure distensibility both proximal and distal, before and after treatment.
Characteristics and Inflammatory Markers in Children With Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE)
Single center observational and specimen banking study for children with eosinophilic esophagitis EoE to gauge natural history and inflammatory markers
Clinical Study Using Biologics to Improve Multi OIT Outcomes
Food allergy (FA) is a serious public health concern that causes potentially-life threatening reactions in affected patients. The prevalence of food allergy in the United States (U.S.) has increased substantially and now affects 15 million patients:4-8% of children (6 million children, 30% with multiple food allergies) and about 9% of adults. This is a prospective Phase 2, single-center, multi-allergen OIT study in participants with proven allergies to 2 or 3 different foods in which one must be a peanut. The total of participants in the clinical study will be 110, ages 5 to 55 years with a history of multiple food allergies of 2 to 3 ...
Clinical Utility of Handheld Hydrogen Breathalyzer in Identification of Food Sensitivities (AIRE Study)
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is defined as a condition in which an abnormally high amount of coliform bacteria is present in the small bowel and results in premature anaerobic fermentation of carbohydrates before reaching the colon. Commonly recognized causes include gastric achlorhydria, post-surgical bowel stasis, gastrocolic/coloenteric fistulas, and motility disorders leading to bowel stasis.. The current "gold standard" for the diagnosis of SIBO, is a breath test that measures the concentration of hydrogen in response to lactulose, a carbohydrate that is only metabolized by bacteria. However, its accuracy is only...
CNP-201 in Subjects With Peanut Allergy
This study is a Phase 1b/2a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical trial to assess the safety, tolerability, and pharmacodynamics of multiple ascending doses (Escalation Phase) of CNP-201 with the goal of identifying a safe and tolerable dose level to be evaluated further in a larger number of subjects (Expansion Phase).
Comparison of Histology From a Mesh Sponge and Traditional Esophageal Biopsies in Children and Adolescents With EoE
The aim of the present study is determining the accuracy, safety and tolerance of the CytospongeTM (expandable sponge within a gelatin capsule attached to a string) relative to traditional upper endoscopy and esophageal biopsies in older children and adolescents with a diagnosis of Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) to follow up on treatment changes. The findings from this study could help determine whether the CytospongeTM is a more cost-effective alternative to traditional upper endoscopy for histologic follow-up in children and adolescents with EoE.
Cycling of Topical Steroids for Treatment of EoE (Eosinopilic Esophagitis)
The purpose of our research study is to assess whether patients with EoE who have achieved control of their disease on topical Fluticasone or Budesonide are able to cycle or take breaks from their treatment with continued remission of their EoE. There will be 30 participants enrolled in this study. There will be 15 patients who will stay on steroid therapy every day and 15 patients who will cycle their steroid therapy on and off to help us compare the two groups. The cycling group will cycle their steroid therapy in a three-months on three-months off fashion.