Boiled Peanut Immunotherapy for the Treatment of Peanut Allergy
Peanut allergy is the most common cause of severe allergic reactions to food. Onset is common in childhood, but in contrast to other food allergies such as cow's milk and egg, peanut allergy tends to persist into adulthood. It is associated with a significant impact on quality of life, both for the affected individual and their family. There is no current cure for peanut allergy. Oral peanut immunotherapy (OIT) using defatted, roasted peanut flour has been demonstrated to offer potential in this regard, but is associated with significant and frequent reactions and can cause life-threatening allergic symptoms. The...
Can Vitamin D Supplementation in Infants Prevent Food Allergy in the First Year of Life? The VITALITY Trial
There is an urgent need to prevent the onset and progression of food allergy in our population. Evidence demonstrates that food allergy and atopic eczema represent the earliest manifestations of the atopic march with 50% of infants with food allergy predicted to develop respiratory allergic diseases later in life. We report that Australia has the highest prevalence of IgE-mediated food allergy in the world, with 10% of infants having challenge-proven food allergy in Melbourne. There has been a 5-fold increase in hospital admissions for life-threatening anaphylaxis. These changes are most pronounced in children less than 5 years,...
Cause of Unexplained Anaphylaxis
This study will explore the possible cause of unexplained, or idiopathic, anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a rapid, life-threatening, severe reaction that occurs suddenly after contact with an allergy-causing substance, usually a particular food, drug or stinging insect. The allergen triggers mast cells to release several substances, including histamine. Histamine is responsible for many of the symptoms that may occur, such as flushing, hives, swelling of the palms and soles or tongue and vocal cords, nasal congestion, itching and tearing of the eyes, shortness of breath and wheezing, stomach pain, vomiting, low blood pressure, loss of ...
Changes in Esophageal Distensibility With Proton Pump Inhibitors in Patients With Esophageal Eosinophilia: A Pilot Study
This pilot study will explore whether treatment of eosinophilic inflammation in the esophagus is associated with an improved distensibility of the esophagus. Furthermore, previous studies of the esophagus using EndoFlip only measured distensibility of the distal esophagus, specifically the distal esophagus and esophagogastric junction. Eosinophilia in EoE has been demonstrated to affect both upper, middle and lower esophagus. The aim is to measure distensibility both proximal and distal, before and after treatment.
Characteristics and Inflammatory Markers in Children With Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE)
Single center observational and specimen banking study for children with eosinophilic esophagitis EoE to gauge natural history and inflammatory markers
Characteristics of Patients Diagnosed With NSAID Sensitivity in Thailand
Study clinical characteristics and phenotypes of patients diagnosed with NSAID sensitivity in Thailand
Clinical Study Using Biologics to Improve Multi OIT Outcomes
Food allergy (FA) is a serious public health concern that causes potentially-life threatening reactions in affected patients. The prevalence of food allergy in the United States (U.S.) has increased substantially and now affects 15 million patients:4-8% of children (6 million children, 30% with multiple food allergies) and about 9% of adults. This is a prospective Phase 2, single-center, multi-allergen OIT study in participants with proven allergies to 2 or 3 different foods in which one must be a peanut. The total of participants in the clinical study will be 110, ages 5 to 55 years with a history of multiple food allergies of 2 to 3 ...
Clinical Utility of Handheld Hydrogen Breathalyzer in Identification of Food Sensitivities (AIRE Study)
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is defined as a condition in which an abnormally high amount of coliform bacteria is present in the small bowel and results in premature anaerobic fermentation of carbohydrates before reaching the colon. Commonly recognized causes include gastric achlorhydria, post-surgical bowel stasis, gastrocolic/coloenteric fistulas, and motility disorders leading to bowel stasis.. The current "gold standard" for the diagnosis of SIBO, is a breath test that measures the concentration of hydrogen in response to lactulose, a carbohydrate that is only metabolized by bacteria. However, its accuracy is only...
Cytosponge Protocol IRB 11-006429
Whether the cytosponge will be a useful non-invasive tool in evaluating patients with eosinophilic esophagitis?
Data and Sample Collection Study to Elucidate the Mechanisms of Eosinophilic Disorders
The purpose of this study is to elucidate the mechanisms underlying eosinophil growth, survival, migration, and function and to investigate and further characterize the pathophysiology of, clinical manifestations of, and spectrum of disease severity of eosinophilic inflammation in humans.