Epidemiological Investigation and Cohort Study on Food Allergy in Children Aged 3 to 6 Years in Wenzhou and Taizhou Urban Areas
Objective 1. To investigate the status of food allergy among children aged 3 to 6 in Wenzhou and Taizhou urban areas. 2. To obtain the self-reported rate of parents or guardians of food allergy among children aged 3 to 6 in Wenzhou and Taizhou urban areas. 3. To obtain the prevalence of food allergy among children aged 3 to 6 in Wenzhou and Taizhou urban areas by conducting skin prick test (SPT), blood eosinophil (EOS) count, total immunoglobulin E (tIgE) measurement and serum specific IgE (sIgE) determination in children who self-reported food allergy, and conducting the open food...
Epigenetic Effects in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy Treated With Different Formulas
Lactobacillus GG (LGG) is able to exert long lasting effects in children with atopic disorders. Nutramigen LGG accelerates tolerance acquisition in infants with cow's milk allergy. The mechanisms of these effects are still largely undefined. The effect of LGG could be related at least in part by the immunoregulatory role played by LGG. This probiotic can balance the generation of cytokines possibly involved in IgE- or non-IgE-mediated cow's milk allergy Interleulkin (IL)-4, IL-5, IL-10, IFN-γ , TGF-β, and TNF-Υ), which can contribute to modulation of inflammatory processes. The investigators have demonstrated that children with ...
Esophageal String Test in Eosinophilic Esophagitis
The overall goal of this study is to develop a novel minimally invasive device, the Esophageal String Test (EST) to monitor esophageal inflammation during treatment of the rare disease Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) in a safe and efficacious manner. This study is broken down into 2 specific aims: Specific Aim 1: Identify the EoE Biomarker Panel (EBP) that will improve the sensitivity and specificity of the EST for documenting esophageal inflammation in a 1-hour time point. Specific Aim 2: Validate the ability of the EST EBP to monitor therapeutic efficacy in a 1-hour sampling time. Funding Source - FDA OOPD
Evaluating the Safety and Efficacy of Oral Encapsulated Fecal Microbiota Transplant in Peanut Allergic Patients
This is a Phase I trial to evaluate the safety and efficacy of oral encapsulated fecal microbiota transplantation (FMT) in the treatment of peanut allergy. In this research the investigators would like to learn more about ways to treat peanut allergies. There is currently no known cure for peanut allergy. The primary aim is to assess safety and tolerability of oral FMT in patients with peanut allergy aged 18-40 years.
Evaluation of Medical Care and Patient's Knowledge About the Behavior to Take on Secondary Prevention of Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is a hypersensitivity reaction systemic, generalized, severe, life-threatening that may result from exposure to a triggering factor. The prevalence of anaphylaxis is 0.05 to 2% in the general population. Most reactions appear within 30 minutes after contact with the triggering factor and last up to 6 hours. The main triggering factors are: 1/food, 2/hymenopteran bites, 3/drugs. The main treatment is the early administration of adrenaline by Intramuscular route on medical prescription or by AAI (adrenaline auto-injector) associated with the exclusion of the allergen. Adrenaline treatment should be administered as soon as...
FARE Peanut SLIT and Early Tolerance Induction
Primary Objective: To determine if 36 months of peanut SLIT as an early intervention in subjects ages 1 to 4 years induces clinical desensitization. The primary outcome of this objective will be a statistically significant difference in challenge scores between the treatment group versus the placebo group during DBPCFC (Double blind placebo controlled food challenge) performed after 36 months of peanut SLIT (desensitization). Challenge scores are measured by the amount of peanut protein participants are able to ingest successfully without symptoms of an allergic reaction. [Time Frame: Baseline, 36 months] Secondary Objectives: ...
Fibrostenotic Eosinophilic Esophagitis: Assessment Tools
This protocol addresses a central hypothesis that fibrostenotic Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is characterized by abnormal esophageal structure and compliance compared to non fibrostenotic EoE and that distinctive cellular and molecular profiles predict the fibrostenotic phenotype. This study aims to define and assess the changes that occur in the structure and dynamics of the esophageal wall in pediatric Eosinophilic Esophagitis along with characterizing the histologic and molecular patterns in fibrostenotic EoE.
Follow up of LEAP Participants and Their Families
This prospective, cross-sectional study is designed to improve understanding of how early-life introduction of peanuts may promote the development of tolerance at 12 years of age and will serve as an additional safety evaluation of this nutritional intervention.
Follow-up of the EPITOPE Study to Evaluate Long-term Efficacy and Safety of DBV712 in Young Children
Open-label, follow-up study for subjects who completed the EPITOPE study.
Follow-up of the PEPITES Study to Evaluate Long-term Efficacy and Safety of Viaskin Peanut in Children
This is an open-label, follow-up study for subjects who completed the PEPITES study. Subjects will be offered enrollment in this follow-up study to receive Viaskin Peanut 250 μg for 2 additional years if previously on active treatment in the PEPITES study, or for 3 years if previously on placebo in the PEPITES study.