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Predictors of Positive Food Challenge

Study Purpose

Patients with suspected tree-nut or sesame allergy based on sensitization on skin-prick tests (SPT), will be assessed for allergy using component analysis and basophil activation test (BAT) and entered into oral immunotherapy (OIT). Component analysis and BAT will be repeated after completion of OIT. Patients with tree-nut or sesame allergy treated with the standard of care of elimination diet will serve as controls

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 4 Years - 45 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Patients aged 4-45 years old, with a positive SPT to tree-nuts (walnut, pecan, cashew, pistachio, hazelnut or almond) and/or sesame, and either a history of a reaction in the past year, a positive OFC, or patients refraining from tree-nut consumption.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - A history of other numerous chronic inflammatory diseases, including inflammatory bowel disease and other autoimmune diseases.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Assaf-Harofeh Medical Center
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries Israel

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Oral Immunotherapy for Food Allergy
Additional Details

Patients will be recruited from the pool of patients referred to the investigators center for evaluation of food allergy. For each tree-nut (walnut, pecan, cashew, pistachio, hazelnut or almond) evaluated, 30 patients (ages 4-45 years old), with allergy to at least one tree-nut will be recruited from the database pool referred to above. Skin prick tests (SPT) using standardized 10 mg/ml tree-nut extracts, and BAT will be performed for all suspected allergens. Sera will be taken and sent to ThermoFisher for IgE and IgG4 binding analysis to purified components. Open OFCs will be performed for each tree-nut, unless clinically contraindicated. The results of the OFC will form the basis to determine the sensitivity and specificity of the component testing. Similarly, 40 patients with suspected sesame allergy will be administered SPT and component analysis for sesame, with correlations to OFC. The investigators will also utilize BAT to directly test whether the identified purified components are sufficient to elicit reactivity. This objective can be met by either utilizing saved patient sera on naive basophils or directly on a subsequently obtained blood sample from the patient. For patients enrolling in OIT (secondary objective), sera will also be taken after completion of the therapeutic regimen, and IgE as well as IgG4 binding to the same components will be assessed and compared to pre-OIT results. 4.2 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS AND METHODS 4.3 Patients will be grouped by OFC their allergy status result for each tree-nut (patients with a documented IgE-mediated reaction in the previous year or a positive OFC vs.#46; patients with regular consumption of the index food or a negative OFC). Descriptive statistics (proportions for categorical variables, means or medians and standard deviations or inter-quartile range for continuous variables) will be reported for all key participant variables, including baseline and demographic characteristics, SPT, BAT and component testing results. For the primary objective, the sensitivity and specificity of the diagnostic tests (wheal for SPT, and CD63 induction for BAT) and IgE/IgG4 binding to the purified components in predicting OFC results allergy will be compared by receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis. To this end, the investigators will evaluate molecular allergens singly or in groups for their predictive utilities. For the secondary objective, OFC positive patients with documented allergy who undergo OIT for tree-nuts (n=15 for each tree-nut) or sesame (n=15) will be grouped according to OIT outcome. Paired t-tests comparing IgE and IgG4 binding of specific molecular allergens in individual patients before and after treatment will be performed. Additionally, the pre-OIT IgE and IgG4 profiles against particular molecular allergens will be compared between OIT outcome groups by t-test. 10 control patients treated with the standard of care of elimination diet will be compared. Power analysis: Using the Pearson Chi-square test for two proportions, with the assumption that 75% of all OFC+ to tree-nuts will be positive to at least one specific component, in order to detect a result with a P-value of <0.05, 15 positive and 15 negative sera for each tree-nut would yield a power of 0.816. Based on the investigators experience with immunoreactivity as assessed by western blot, in fact the investigators would expect that much more than 75% of OFC+ patients would show IgE reactivity against at least one component. Thus, the investigators feel that a total of thirty sera for each tree-nut should suffice for the analysis. Total number of patients: 180 patients to be evaluated for tree-nut allergy and 40 for sesame allergy.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Zerifin, Israel




The institute of Allergy, Immunology and Pediatric Pulmonary Medicine, Assaf Harofeh Medical Center

Zerifin, , 70300

Site Contact

Arnon Elizur, MD



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