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PIFR-based Inhalation Therapy in Patients Recovering From AECOPD

Study Purpose

This study is designed to determine whether the optimized inhalation therapy based on peak inspiratory flow rates (PIFR) measured against the simulated resistance can reduce the rate of treatment failure in patients recovering from acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (AECOPD). Errors in inhaler use and quality of life are also to be evaluated. The study will recruit 460 patients with AECOPD whose exacerbated symptoms are relieved by 5-7 days of standard therapy. The participants are divided into PIFR group and control group in a 1:1 ratio according to a random number table method. All the patients will be given inhaled corticosteroid(ICS)/long-acting β agonist(LABA) (budesonide/ formoterolSymbicort turbuhaler® 160/4.5 μg bid or Beclometasone/ Formoterol Foster® pressure metered dose inhaler(pMDI) 100/6 μg 2 puff bid). For symptomatic patients before acute exacerbation, Spiriva handihaler® 18μg qd or Spiriva respimat® 2.5μg qd will be prescribed in combination with ICS/LABA. For PIFR group, PIFR is measured by InCheck DIAL(Clement Clarke International Ltd, Harlow, UK and Alliance Tech Medical). If PIFR is less than 60L/min , the patient will be given pMDI with spacer. If PIFR value is over 60 L/min, the patient will be given dry powder inhaler(DPI).). The control group will be given DPI or pMDI with spacer according to the judgment of a respiratory physician. Both groups will be taught to use the device after the prescription, and then be reminded to use medication via a WeChat public account. The primary endpoint of the study is the 30-day treatment failure including AECOPD recurrence resulting in an emergency visit, admission, or need for intensified medication). The secondary endpoints of the study are the error rate of inhalation device use, satisfaction with inhalation devices, symptoms and quality of life, 30-day mortality, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases(COPD)-related treatment costs and PIFR.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 40 Years - 80 Years
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • - Patients with acute exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease(AECOPD) whose acute respiratory symptoms have been controlled after 5-7 day-standard AECOPD treatment including atomized or inhaled brochodilator plus oral or intravenous glucocorticoid (prednisone equivalent dose 40-50mg) or Pulmicort 2mg atomization Bid plus broad-spectrum antibiotics.
  • - Patients with moderate and above chronic obstructive pulmonary disease diagnosed by spirometry, ie, forced expiratory volume in one second(FEV1)/forced vital capacity(FVC) <70% post-bronchodilator and FEV1% predicted value <80%.
  • - Patients have signed an informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • - Patients who is already using home nebulization therapy because of the severity of the illness.
  • - Patients with bronchial asthma, pulmonary interstitial fibrosis, bronchiectasis, pulmonary embolism and other lung diseases; or hypertension, heart disease, chronic liver and kidney disease, diabetes, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, malignant tumors, critically ill patients.
  • - Patient's mental state cannot match the observation or suffer from cognitive impairment.
  • - Patient's peak inspiratory flow rates (PIFR) is less than 20L/min.

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Shanghai Zhongshan Hospital
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Principal Investigator Affiliation N/A
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries China

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease
Arms & Interventions


Experimental: PIFR group

Active Comparator: control group


Drug: - PIRF measured by InCheck DIAL

Peak inspiratory flow rates(PIFR) will be measured using the InCheck DIAL(Clement Clarke International Ltd, Harlow, UK and Alliance Tech Medical). The InCheck DIAL is accurate to +/- 10% or 10 L/min, whichever is greater, and can measure flows in the range of 15 to 120 L/min. Dry powder inhaler(DPI) is to be prescribed if PIFRr is over 60L/min, otherwise pressure metered dose inhaler(pMDI) with spacer is given. All the patients will be given inhaled corticosteroid(ICS)/long-acting β agonist(LABA). For symptomatic patients, long-acting anticholinergic agents(LAMA) will also be used.

Drug: - Regular treament

The choice of inhalers depends on physician's evaluation. The medication is the same as experimental group.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

180 Fenglin Road, Shanghai, China




180 Fenglin Road

Shanghai, , 200032

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