The PEBBLES Study - Testing a Strategy for Preventing Eczema and Food Allergy in High Risk Infants
This is a phase III, single blind (outcome assessor is blinded), randomised controlled multicentre trial of the effect of EpiCeram emollient for improving and maintaining skin barrier function and reducing incidence of eczema and food allergy in high risk infants. A total of 760 participants with a first degree family history of allergic disease (asthma, eczema, allergic rhinitis or food allergy) will be recruited (380 each group) from maternity wards of three hospitals.
The Psychosocial Outcomes in Caregivers of Children With Food Allergy
The purpose of this study is to evaluate use of a mobile application (also commonly referred to as an app) designed to support caregivers of children with newly diagnosed food allergy. This study has 2 phases. In Phase 1, the researchers obtained feedback regarding use of mobile apps from caregivers who have been managing their child's food allergy for one year or more. The researchers then used this feedback to build a mobile app for caregivers of children with newly diagnosed food allergy. In Phase 2, the researchers will evaluate the mobile app during a 4-week evaluation period with a group of caregivers of children newly ...
The Role of Filaggrin Mutations and Sensitization Pathways in Allergic Rhinitis and Peanut Allergy
Caucasian male and female participants age 18 years of age and older will be enrolled in this study if they have known birch or peanut allergies or known to be non-atopic. Participants will undergo skin testing to confirm their allergies if not completed in the last 12 months. Medications and medical history will be captured with a focus on atopic disorders. Participants will undergo birch and peanut patch testing to assess penetration and if potential correlation exists with filaggrin genotyping and phenotyping. Blood samples will be drawn from participants and DNA isolated for genotyping of null mutations in filaggrin.
The Use of Fractionated Exhaled Nitric Oxide in the Diagnosis and Assessment of Disease Activity of Eosinophilic Esophagitis
The purpose of the study is to evaluate of the relationships between fractionated exhaled nitric oxide, disease activity, and symptom severity in patients with eosinophilic esophagitis compared to those without eosinophilic esophagitis.
Tolerability of Hypoallergenic Formula in Children With Cow's Milk Allergy
Cow's milk protein allergy is defined as an immunological reaction to one or more milk proteins. A variety of symptoms can be suggestive for cow's milk protein allergy . Cow's milk protein allergy is suspected clinically in 5-15% of infants, while most estimates of prevalence of cow's milk protein allergy vary from only 2 to 5 %. Confusion regarding cow's milk protein allergy prevalence is often due to differences in study populations, study design and a lack of defined diagnostic criteria. The importance of defined diagnostic criteria needs to be emphasised. It precludes infants from an unnecessary diet and avoids delay in...
Treatment of IgE Associated Eczema With Omega-3 Long Chain Polyunsaturated Fatty Acids in Infancy and the Development of Bronchial Asthma in Childhood
Although some causal factors in allergy development such as allergen exposure and environmental pollution have decreased during recent years, the incidence of the allergic diseases has increased in the Western world. Since the genetic predisposition to develop allergies cannot change in such a short time it is conceivable that, instead of the emerging of some new and unknown risk factors, some protective factors seem to have disappeared in the Western world. Allergic disease is a tendency to develop allergies to allergens in the surrounding environment. The most common symptoms are eczema and food allergy in the early life, ...
Use of Dexamethasone in Prevention of the Second Phase or a Biphasic Reaction of Anaphylaxis
Anaphylaxis is an acute serious allergic reaction, with multi-organ system manifestations caused by the release of chemical mediators and it is potentially fatal . Between 5% and 14% of patients may experience a recurrence of anaphylaxis 8-12 hours after the initial presentation, called biphasic (late-phase) . The mainstay of treatment for children experiencing anaphylaxis remains adrenaline and H1-antihistamines. Corticosteroids are not life-saving and do not have an immediate effect on the symptoms of anaphylaxis but may help reduce or prevent a biphasic "late phase" reaction . The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy...
Use of Esophageal String Test to Understand Symptoms, Inflammation, and Function in Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Presently, the only method available to monitor disease activity in Eosinophilic Esophagitis (EoE) is endoscopy with pathological review of biopsies. The overall goal of this study is to determine the ability of the Esophageal String Test (EST), a minimally invasive capsule based technology, to measure disease activity in children with EoE. Additionally, to determine esophageal distensibility in children presenting with EoE by using the EndoFLIP (functional luminal imaging probe) device during endoscopic procedures.
Using Spectrally Encoded Confocal Microscopy (SECM) to Image the Esophagus
The goal of this study is to test the feasibility and the tolerability of a tethered spectrally encoded confocal microscopy (SECM) capsule and to use it to image the esophagus.
Validation of the HYPONUT Product
The HYPONUT product was previously validated in a laboratory setting ("Procédé de préparation d'aliment hypoallergénique", n° FR1250977) on 2012. A international patent was then obtained on 2013. Through the present study, the investigators would like to prove that the hypoallergenicity of the product is sustained in a clinical setting. Patients allergic to peanuts currently undergo in vivo tests to confirm their allergy: skin prick tests, and oral food challenges. In vitro tests are also performed (i.e. IgE levels for peanut and peanut components). The follow-up of patients consists in regular yearly or semestral evaluations. During...