A Study of Detergents in the Pathogenesis of Eosinophilic Esophagitis
The purpose of this research is to determine if detergents in everyday products such as toothpaste make the lining of the esophagus leaky and cause allergic inflammation.
A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of CC-93538 in Adult and Adolescent Participants With Eosinophilic Esophagitis
Study CC-93538-EE-001 is a Phase 3, multicenter, multinational, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled induction and maintenance study to evaluate the efficacy and safety of CC- 93538 in adult and adolescent participants with eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). The study will incorporate a 24-week Induction Phase followed by a 24-week Maintenance Phase. Participants will be randomized at the beginning of the study into 3 treatment arms: - Placebo for Induction and Maintenance - CC-93538 360 mg Subcutaneous (SC) once weekly for Induction followed by 360 mg SC once every other week for Maintenance - ...
A Study to Investigate the Efficacy and Tolerability of ESO-101 in Patients With Eosinophilic Esophagitis
This is a randomized, placebo-controlled, double-blind trial to evaluate the efficacy, tolerability, and safety of ESO-101 in adult patients with active eosinophilic esophagitis (EoE). Patients will be screened at 2 visits (Visit 1 and Visit 2) during which their eligibility will be assessed based on endoscopy-independent criteria (Visit 1) and based on the histologic assessment of esophageal biopsy samples taken during the screening endoscopy (Visit 2). Eligible patients will be randomized 2:1 to once-daily treatment with ESO-101 or placebo and treated for 28 days starting on Day 0. Further clinic visits will be performed at Day 14...
Baked Milk Oral Immunotherapy for Cow's Milk Allergy
The purpose of this study is to determine whether baked milk oral immunotherapy is safe in the treatment of cow's milk allergy.
Boiled Peanut Oral Immunotherapy
Prospective Phase 1 clinical trial providing proof of concept data on boiled peanut oral immunotherapy (OIT) for the treatment of peanut allergy in children. The investigators hypothesize that the proportion of subjects successfully desensitized with boiled peanut OIT is greater than the theoretical placebo rate of 20%.
Breast Milk: Influence of the Micro-transcriptome Profile on Atopy in Children Over Time
This is an observational cohort study of 221 breast-feeding mother-infant dyads delivered at term. The goal of the study is to investigate whether levels of immune-related microRNAs (miRNAs) in maternal breast milk (MBM) influence child atopy risk in the first 12 months, defined as atopic dermatitis, wheezing, or food allergy. Infant exposure to individual miRNA components will be quantified at 0, 4, and 16-weeks after delivery using high throughput RNA sequencing of MBM samples and detailed dietary logs employing the Infant Feeding Practices (IFP) survey. The relationship of individual miRNA exposures (parts per million) and ...
Can Vitamin D Supplementation in the First Year of Life Prevent Food Allergy in Infants? The VITALITY Trial: Parts 1&2
We report that Australia has the highest prevalence of Immunoglobulin(Ig)E-mediated food allergy in the world, with 10% of infants having challenge-proven food allergy in Melbourne. There has been a 5-fold increase in hospital admissions for life-threatening anaphylaxis. These changes are most pronounced in children less than 5 years, suggesting a causal role for early life determinants. We have primary data to inform hypotheses for the rise in food allergy, which appears to result from potentially modifiable factors related to the modern lifestyle, particularly Vitamin D insufficiency (VDI). We propose an intervention study to ...
Clinical Utility of Handheld Hydrogen Breathalyzer in Identification of Food Sensitivities (AIRE Study)
Small intestinal bacterial overgrowth (SIBO) is defined as a condition in which an abnormally high amount of coliform bacteria is present in the small bowel and results in premature anaerobic fermentation of carbohydrates before reaching the colon. Commonly recognized causes include gastric achlorhydria, post-surgical bowel stasis, gastrocolic/coloenteric fistulas, and motility disorders leading to bowel stasis.. The current "gold standard" for the diagnosis of SIBO, is a breath test that measures the concentration of hydrogen in response to lactulose, a carbohydrate that is only metabolized by bacteria. However, its accuracy is only...
Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Non-Metastatic Extracranial Ewing Sarcoma
This trial examined the outcome benefit to patients of adding a new chemotherapy drug combination to the established treatment approach for patients with extracranial Ewing sarcoma, that had not spread from the primary site to other places in the body. The trial randomly assigned patients at the time of study entry to receive established standard treatment with the following 5-drugs: vincristine sulfate, doxorubicin hydrochloride, cyclophosphamide, ifosfamide and etoposide. The outcome for patients receiving the standard 5-drug combination was compared to the outcome for patients who received the same 5-drugs with an additional drug,...
Comparative Real World Effectiveness of SQ Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT)-Tablets vs. Controls in Allergic Rhinitis and Asthma
To assess the impact of SQ SLIT-tablets (SQ Grass SLIT-tablet and SQ HDM SLIT-tablet) in Danish and Swedish allergic rhinitis (AR) patients, with or without asthma, between 2007-2020.