Growth and Plasma Amino Acids in Infants With CMPA and Treated With a Newly Innovated Amino Acid Formula
The purpose of this study is to determine growth and protein status of infants with cow's milk protein allergy and treated with a newly innovated amino acid formula compared to those with a commercial amino acid formula.
Immune and Clinical Implications of Threshold-based Phenotypes of Peanut Allergy
The primary objective of this study is to determine whether allowing ingestion of sub-threshold amounts of peanut in those with a high threshold (tolerate at least 143 mg peanut protein on supervised double-blind, placebo-controlled oral food challenge [DBPCFC]) will be associated with attaining even higher thresholds over time in children with high threshold peanut allergy compared to those avoiding peanut. The secondary clinical objectives include assessing the development of sustained unresponsiveness (SU, a surrogate term for tolerance without daily ingestion), effects on quality of life, and safety compared to those avoiding...
Improved Diagnostics of Celiac Disease in Children
The main purpose of this study is to improve the diagnostics of celiac disease and reduce the need for invasive endoscopic studies in children. Further, the investigators aim to investigate the natural history and risk of complications in children with celiac disease or gluten sensitivity and to create a large scientific database.
Inflammatory Mediators as Potential Non-Invasive Biomarkers in Subjects With Eosinophilic Esophagitis
The investigators seek to assess esophageal inflammation or lack of it in response to treatment with a novel non-invasive method that would measure eosinophil-associated inflammatory mediators in the blood and urine to determine the presence of active Eosinophilic Esophagitis. For these purposes, the investigators will correlate esophageal inflammatory mediators measured in blood and urine with histological findings identified on esophageal mucosal biopsies. Additionally, biopsies associated mediators will be assessed relative to clinical phenotype and outcome.
Low Dose Multi-OIT for Food Allergy (LoMo)
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) is a food allergy treatment where small amounts of the food a child is allergic to is eaten and gradually increased over time with the aim to be able to eat a certain amount of the allergen without experiencing an allergic reaction. While this process works in many children there are concerns about safety, feasibility and drop-outs and how to adapt protocols for multiple allergies. Many OIT trials have targeted approximately 4000mg of single food/day. In these trials up to 40% drop-out. There is evidence much lower doses can have beneficial effects. The investigators will evaluate if low doses of foods...
Mechanisms of Anaphylaxis
The purpose of this study is to explore different mechanisms for anaphylaxis and find novel biomarkers for this hypersensitivity syndrome. The study participants are patients with anaphylaxis, patients with mild allergic reactions, and patients with febrile transfusion reactions. The investigators will also include a group of healthy controls.
Metronomic Oral Vinorelbine Plus Anti-PD-L1/Anti-CTLA4 ImmunothErapy in Patients With Advanced Solid Tumours
This is a phase I/II national, multicentre, multiple cohort, prospective open-label, non-randomised and non-comparative study, to evaluate the safety and activity of metronomic oral vinorelbine associated with durvalumab + tremelimumab combination immunotherapy for the treatment of advanced solid tumours.
Milk Desensitization in Children
This study will assess a novel and potentially life-changing therapy, by actively treating Cow's Milk Allergy (CMA) using Oral Immunotherapy, which may allow patients to safely consume milk and other dairy products.
Morphological Markers of Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD)
The purpose of this project is to learn more about a new and promising way to diagnose acid reflux disease using a very high-powered microscope. This special microscope provides much finer detail than typical microscopes previously used for diagnosing reflux, and may help doctors to better identify children with acid reflux.
Nutrients-fortified Egg Consumption on Eczema Condition in Individuals With Eczema
The study aims to assess the effects of daily consumption of nutrients-fortified eggs on eczema condition in individuals with eczema. It is hypothesised that daily consumption of nutrients-fortified egg, which is rich in antioxidants, will improve eczema conditions in individuals with eczema as compared to consumption of regular eggs.