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MAPS & ITEC Cohorts: 6-8 Years Follow-up

Study Purpose

This study represents the follow-up, age 6-8 years, of children recruited at birth into two cohorts. The first cohort, the Mite Allergen Prevention Study (MAPS) was a double-blind, randomized controlled trial of the use of house dust-mite immunotherapy in the primary prevention of atopy and asthma. The Immune Tolerance in Early Childhood (ITEC) cohort is a separate observational cohort following up infants at high risk of atopy and correlating atopic disease development with epigenetic markers.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.

An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.

Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Eligible Ages 5 Months - 9 Months
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

•Inclusion in original study cohorts at birth •≥2 first-degree relatives with allergic disease (food allergy, asthma, eczema, rhinoconjunctivitis)

Exclusion Criteria:

- Not included in the original study cohorts - Skin-prick test positive to any allergen (HDM, cat, grass pollen, peanut, egg and milk) age 5 months

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.


Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Phase 2
Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

University of Southampton
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Graham Roberts, Prof
Principal Investigator Affiliation University of Southampton
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Overall Status Recruiting
Countries United Kingdom

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Immunotherapy, Allergy and Immunology, Asthma
Additional Details

There is an epidemic of allergic disease in childhood and current preventative strategies have failed to demonstrate effectiveness outside of isolated trials. In a previous study, the efficacy of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) with house dust mite in preventing the development of allergic sensitisation in infants was assessed. The long term objective was to assess the effect of the intervention on the subsequent development of asthma. The hypothesis is that high dose oral immunotherapy will induce immune tolerance and reduce development of allergic sensitisation and later clinical asthma and allergy. A total of 111 infants at high risk of allergy (with ≥2 first degree relatives affected by asthma or allergy) but with no evidence of allergic sensitisation at recruitment were recruited. These infants were randomised at 6 months of age to receive a year of active HDM (House dust-mite) allergen extract delivered as SLIT or placebo intervention. At 18 months of age, there was a significant reduction in cumulative allergic sensitisation in the SLIT intervention group and a trend for reduction in allergic symptoms. They have also been followed up at 3 years of age. The data currently being analysed. Additionally, an observational cohort (Immune Tolerance in Early Childhood, ITEC) was recruited at birth with the same inclusion criteria as the interventional one and assessed in the same way up to 3 years. This cohort has provided additional control data and samples to utilise in the analyses. This proposed study is the 6-8 year follow up of these interventional and observational cohorts. The aim of the 6-8 year assessment is to assess the efficacy of prophylactic oral immunotherapy with HDM allergen in preventing the later development of asthma. The hypothesis is that high dose oral immunotherapy will induce immune tolerance and reduce development of allergic sensitisation and later clinical asthma and allergy. Participants will be assessed 6-8 years after finishing the intervention. The assessment will include a questionnaire, skin prick testing to the common aeroallergens and food allergens and lung function. Families and study investigators will both be blinded to participants' original treatment allocations. An additional aim is to investigate the epigenetic and immune mechanisms involved in the development of asthma and allergy and how allergen immunotherapy influence this process.

Arms & Interventions


Active Comparator: Intervention arm

House dust-mite SLIT

Placebo Comparator: Control arm

Normal saline

No Intervention: Observation cohort

ITEC observational cohort, no intervention administered


Drug: - House dust-mite SLIT

received 2000 standard treatment units of glycerinated HDM allergen extract (ALK-AbellÓ) per day. Normal saline was administered to the placebo group. 11 µg of HDM allergen (equal parts of Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae) administered twice daily as oral drops.

Drug: - Normal saline

Normal saline administered in same frequency and manner as intervention

Contact a Trial Team

If you are interested in learning more about this trial, find the trial site nearest to your location and contact the site coordinator via email or phone. We also strongly recommend that you consult with your healthcare provider about the trials that may interest you and refer to our terms of service below.

International Sites

Southampton, Hampshire, United Kingdom




University Hospital Southampton NHS Foundation Trust

Southampton, Hampshire, SO16 6YD

Site Contact

Hasan Arshad, Prof



David Hyde Asthma and Allergy Centre, Newport, Isle Of White, United Kingdom




David Hyde Asthma and Allergy Centre

Newport, Isle Of White, PO30 5TG

Site Contact

Hasan Arshad, Prof



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