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Defining ENDOtypes in Perioperative Hypersensitivity by Extensive Cellular and Molecular PHENotyping (ENDOPHEN)

Study Purpose

Perioperative Acute Hypersensitivity (PAH) is a systemic reaction that occurs rapidly following injection of a drug during anesthesia. The main mechanism evoked is an immune response of immediate systemic hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis. Anaphylactic reactions are classically described as IgE-dependent and triggered by the injection of allergen which by bridging specific IgE present on the surface of mast cells, induces a massive release of histamine responsible for the observed symptoms. The diagnosis of this mechanism (IgE endotype) requires the determination of associated circulating mediators (histamine and mast cell tryptase) as well as skin tests performed during an allergologic evaluation. However, our previous work on patients with PAH (NASA study, ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01637220) demonstrated that classical markers of IgE endotype are present in only 42% of patients. This finding has three consequences:

  • - a diagnostic inaccuracy with deleterious consequences for the patient, - the existence of undocumented endotypes explaining the observed clinical manifestations, - a lack of formal identification of culprit drug, with uncertainty about the eviction recommendations leading to consequences for the safety of the patient.
The investigators hypothesize that symptoms associated with PAH are caused by several distinct endotypes involving different cellular effectors and molecular mediators. These endotypes may be related to the immune system but independent of IgE, or independent of the immune system. To assess these endotypes, The investigators will be measuring the activation status of blood cells and a wide range of secreted mediators in blood drawn as soon as possible after PAH onset, and at steady state during a subsequent allergology visit. These data will be analyzed along with clinical data in multivariate analysis and clustering to define coherent profiles among patients. Definition of previously unexplored endotypes will allow to explain more PAH reactions and to design new diagnostic and therapeutic strategies.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

No
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Observational
Eligible Ages 18 Years and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Age ≥18 years - Patient presenting, during a general anesthesia, clinical signs compatible with an PAH sufficiently severe for the anesthetist to request biological exploration using the "anaphylaxis kit" present in all operating theaters

Exclusion Criteria:

- Lack of signed informed consent - Patient not affiliated to social security

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04006106
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Luc DE CHAISEMARTIN, MD, PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

Other
Overall Status Recruiting
Countries France
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Perioperative Complication, Hypersensitivity
Additional Details

Background Perioperative Acute Hypersensitivity (PAH) is a systemic reaction that occurs rapidly following injection of a drug during anesthesia. Symptoms may include erythema, angioedema, bronchoconstriction, vasodilation, and increased capillary permeability leading to severe hypotension or even cardiac arrest. The rate of occurrence is estimated between 1/6,000 and 1/20,000 anesthesia according to literature. Despite adequate management, mortality is estimated between 3 and 9%. The main substances responsible for these reactions are the neuromuscular blocking agents (NMBA) and beta-lactams, more rarely the gelatin-based filling solutions, contrast agents, antiseptics or other hypnotic or analgesic drugs. The main mechanism is an immune response of immediate systemic hypersensitivity or anaphylaxis. Anaphylactic reactions are classically described as IgE-dependent and triggered by the injection of allergen which by bridging specific IgE present on the surface of mast cells, induces a massive release of histamine responsible for the observed symptoms. The diagnosis of this mechanism (IgE endotype) requires the determination of associated circulating mediators (histamine and mast cell tryptase) as well as skin tests performed in an allergology consultation. However, our previous work on patients with NMBA-triggered PAH (NASA study, ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01637220) demonstrated that classical markers of IgE endotype are present in only 42% of patients. This finding has three consequences:

  • - a diagnostic inaccuracy with deleterious consequences for the patient, - the existence of undocumented endotypes explaining the observed clinical manifestations, - a lack of formal identification of the culprit drug, with uncertainty about the eviction recommendations leading to consequences for the safety of the patient.
Hypothesis and aims The investigators hypothesize that symptoms associated with PAH are caused by several distinct endotypes involving different cellular effectors and molecular mediators. These endotypes may be related to the immune system but independent of IgE, or independent of the immune system. The main objective of this study is to characterize the different endotypes of PAH reactions by an exploratory clustering approach based on analysis of i) activation state of blood cells and ii) concentration of secreted mediators, all measured during PAH onset. The secondary objectives are:
  • - to assess links between the different endotypes identified and the clinical and biological parameters of the PAH reaction, in particular the severity and the responsible drug - Constitute a biobank (serum, plasma, DNA) to be able to continue the exploration of the different endotypes Study design The investigators will include all patients >18 years old presenting, during a general anesthesia, symptoms compatible with a PAH severe enough to for the anesthetist to request biological exploration using the "anaphylaxis kit" (tryptase, histamine and specific IgE measurement).
The anaphylaxis kit will be modified to contain additional tubes allowing to measure blood cell counts, blood cell activation (flow cytometry), proteic and lipidic mediators. Clinical data about the reaction will be collected by the local investigator via an electronic form. Upon recovery, patients will sign informed consent and will be planned for allergological evaluation 6-8 weeks after (standard care). During allergological evaluation, skin test against all drugs received will be performed and blood will be drawn to measure tryptase and specific IgE as per standard care. Additional tubes will allow to measure the same parameters as at inclusion, and additionally to recover DNA and peripheral mononucleated blood cells. Outcomes and analyses The main goal is to define sets of biological parameters corresponding to distinct endotypes. The data will be submitted to principal component analysis (PCA) to determine groups of patients with distinct profiles, and which parameters are the more relevant for each profile. Unsupervised hierarchical clustering will also be used to define groups of patients with distinct clinical and biological profiles. To assess the link between severity and clinical/biological data, logistic regression models will be used as well as severity-adjusted PCA.

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International Sites

Bichat Hospital, Paris, France

Status

Recruiting

Address

Bichat Hospital

Paris, ,

Site Contact

Aurélie GOUEL, MD, PhD

aurelie.gouel@aphp.fr

01 40 25 68 97

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