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Early Origins of Allergy and Asthma

Study Purpose

Birth cohort study with recruitment during pregnancy to determine prenatal and perinatal conditions, as well as genetic and epigenetic factors, that participate in the early setting of immune responses, and the role of these in the later determination of the risk of allergic diseases, asthma, and metabolic conditions in the offspring.

Recruitment Criteria

Accepts Healthy Volunteers

Healthy volunteers are participants who do not have a disease or condition, or related conditions or symptoms

Yes
Study Type

An interventional clinical study is where participants are assigned to receive one or more interventions (or no intervention) so that researchers can evaluate the effects of the interventions on biomedical or health-related outcomes.


An observational clinical study is where participants identified as belonging to study groups are assessed for biomedical or health outcomes.


Searching Both is inclusive of interventional and observational studies.

Observational
Eligible Ages N/A and Over
Gender All
More Inclusion & Exclusion Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

- Pregnant women living in Chile's central regions - Offspring of women recruited in the cohort study

Exclusion Criteria:

- None

Trial Details

Trial ID:

This trial id was obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov, a service of the U.S. National Institutes of Health, providing information on publicly and privately supported clinical studies of human participants with locations in all 50 States and in 196 countries.

NCT04186949
Phase

Phase 1: Studies that emphasize safety and how the drug is metabolized and excreted in humans.

Phase 2: Studies that gather preliminary data on effectiveness (whether the drug works in people who have a certain disease or condition) and additional safety data.

Phase 3: Studies that gather more information about safety and effectiveness by studying different populations and different dosages and by using the drug in combination with other drugs.

Phase 4: Studies occurring after FDA has approved a drug for marketing, efficacy, or optimal use.

Lead Sponsor

The sponsor is the organization or person who oversees the clinical study and is responsible for analyzing the study data.

Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Principal Investigator

The person who is responsible for the scientific and technical direction of the entire clinical study.

Arturo Borzutzky, M.D.Paul Harris, M.D.Paola Casanello, PhDJosé A Castro-Rodriguez, M.D. PhD
Principal Investigator Affiliation Pontificia Universidad Catolica de ChilePontificia Universidad Catolica de ChilePontificia Universidad Catolica de ChilePontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Agency Class

Category of organization(s) involved as sponsor (and collaborator) supporting the trial.

OtherOtherOther
Overall Status Active, not recruiting
Countries Chile
Conditions

The disease, disorder, syndrome, illness, or injury that is being studied.

Allergy, Asthma, Food Allergy, Allergic Sensitisation, Atopic Dermatitis
Additional Details

Despite recent advances in the understanding of the pathogenesis of allergies and asthma, these diseases still have no clear preventative measures or curative treatments. Growing evidence shows that atopic dermatitis (AD), food allergy (FA), allergic rhinitis, and asthma are largely determined during the first 1000 days (time elapsed from conception to the 2nd birthday). This cohort aims to determine prenatal and perinatal conditions, as well as genetic and epigenetic factors, that participate in the early setting of immune responses, and the role of these in the later determination of the risk of allergic diseases, and asthma in the offspring. The investigators have designed a birth cohort of 250 families with recruitment in pregnancy (~14 weeks). The plan is to genotype relevant allergy/asthma-associated variants and will perform immunophenotyping and evaluation of allergy biomarkers in cord blood. At 2 years of age the investigators will assess if infants have developed allergic sensitization, AD, FA, as well as biomarkers of asthma including the asthma predictive index. The study will also evaluate how maternal conditions modify immune programming through epigenetic modifications, and will then confirm newborn epigenetic cues of allergy/asthma risk. Next, the investigators will assess composition/diversity of maternal gut, placenta, breastmilk and infant gut microbiome and their association with immunophenotype and biomarkers at birth, and clinical outcomes at age 2. Finally, another specific objective is to assess how environmental exposures (perinatal outdoor and indoor pollution, endotoxin and allergens) affect the incidence of allergic sensitization, AD, FA, and risk of asthma.

Contact a Trial Team

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International Sites

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, RM, Chile

Status

Address

Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile

Santiago, RM, 8330077

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